Depression was long termed as mood disorders. As soon as the separate classification of the condition began, a number of different forms of depression surfaced. Major depressive disorder with psychotic features or clinical depression was described and continues to be the most basic type of this condition. Also, it is the most common depression form, affecting huge numbers of individuals from different age groups all over the world. Learn the answers to what is major depression disorder and what are its symptoms and treatment options.
An Overview of the Condition
Major depressive disorder usually affects the individuals in the age group of 20-30. However, the adults in the age bracket of 30-40 experience the peak of depression symptoms. Another important analysis is that women are more prone to major depression as compared to men, though more male patients are known to commit suicide. It is also worth noting that more than 50% of the individuals committing suicide suffer from depression. The causes of major depression are biological, social and psychological in nature.
Major Depression Symptoms
What is major depression disorder is often described and understood in the form of the symptoms experienced by the patients. The symptoms can be classified in the way they affect different aspects of life. Here are the most important symptoms of major depression:
Symptoms Affecting Physical Health: Weight loss or weight gain; digestive disorders; headaches, extreme tiredness, disrupted speech, sleeping disorders and back pains
Symptoms Affecting Behavior: Frustration over insignificant matters; angry outbursts; irritability; agitation; constant sadness; self-hatred; worthlessness and feeling of helplessness
Symptoms Affecting Daily Interests: Loss of interest and pleasure in all types of activities is one of the most prominent major depression symptoms. Loss of sex drive; loss of interest in socializing and isolation are also the common signs.
Symptoms Affecting Mental Health: Slowed thinking; memory loss; decreased concentration and lowered decision taking capability
Medications are among the best options of treatment for major depressive disorder, especially the one with psychotic features. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the most common medications prescribed by the doctors. These are classified as antidepressants which also include serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, atypical antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants. Remember that none of these medications should be administered until and unless prescribed by a qualified doctor. The patient must also discuss in detail the health records and conditions like pregnancy and breastfeeding before starting these medications.
Another form of major depression treatment is psychotherapy. It involves counseling with a mental health expert. Talk sessions and group discussions are considered as important strategies for this treatment approach. Some successful types of psychotherapy include cognitive behavioral therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy and logotherapy. The third treatment option is electroconvulsive therapy that involves shock treatment and is criticized for its side-effects.
In the case of severe major depressive disorder with psychotic features, the best option is to obtain residential treatment programs through hospitalization. What is major depression disorder is completely different from normal feeling of sadness. The condition calls for correct diagnosis to avail the best treatment.